Christoph Markschies, English Bibliography


“Genesis 1 and the Beginnings of Gnosticism.” In Themenheft: Genesis 1 in Different Late Antique Constellations, Gastherausgeber: Volker Henning Drecoll und Christoph Markschies, ZAC 26, 2022, S. 25-44

“The Unknown Gnostic Text of Deir el-Balaizah.” In Themenheft: Genesis 1 in Different Late Antique Constellations, ZAC 26, 2022, S. 45-56


“From ‘Wide and Narrow Way’ to ‘The Ways that Never Parted’? Road Metaphors in Models of Jewish-Christian Relations in Antiquity.” In Jews and Christians –  Parting Ways in the First Two Centuries CE?. Reflections on the Gains and Losses of A Modell, ed. by. Jens Schröter, Benjamin A. Edsall, Joseph Verheyden, Beihefte fürdie Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 253, Berlin/Boston 2021, S. 1-22
“Preface.” In Einar Thomassen, The Coherence of „Gnosticism“, HansLietzmann-Vorlesungen 18, Berlin/Boston 2021, S. V-XII
“Foreword.” In Religious Responses to Modernity, ed. By Yohanan Friedmanand Christoph Markschies, Workshops on Religion. The Israel Academy of Sciencesand Humanities –  Berlin Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Ber-lin/Boston 2021, S. VII-IX


“What Ancient Christian Manuscripts Reveal about Reading (and about Non-Reading).” In Material Aspects of Reading in Ancient and Medieval Cultures. Materiality, Presence and Performance. Materiale Textkulturen 26. Edited by Anna Krauß, Jonas Leipziger and Friederike Schücking-Jungblut. Berlin/Boston 2020, S. 197-216

“Preface.” In The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual, ed. by Lewis Ayres andH. Clifton Ward, Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte 139, Berlin 2020, S. VII-XII

“Esoteric Knowledge in Platonism and in Christian Gnosis.” In Christian Teachers in Second Century Rome. Schools and Students in the Ancient City, ed. by H.Gregory Snyder, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 159, Leiden/Boston 2020, S.45-59


God’s Body. Jewish, Christian, and Pagan Images of God. Translated by A. J. Edmonds. Waco, Tex: Baylor University Press.
“Gospel of Truth –  Some New Insights on the History of Valentinianism on the Basis of a New Analysis of Genre, Context and Content.” In Nag Hammadi a 70 Ans. Qu’avons appris? Nag Hammadi at 70: What have we learned (Colloque international,Québec, Université Laval, 29-31 mai 2015), éd. par Louis Painchaud et al., Biblio-thèque Copte de Nag Hammadi. Section Études 10, Leuven u.a. 2019, S. 69-82.
“Local Knowledge vs. Religious Imaging: Origen and the Holy Land.” In Origeniana Duodecima. Origen’s Legacy in the Holy Land – A Tale of Three Cities: Jerusalem, Caesarea and Bethlehem in Late Antiquity. Proceedings of the 12th International Origen Congress, Jerusalem, 25-29 June, 2017, ed. by Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony et al., Bibliotheca Ephemerides Lovaniensium 302, Leuven 2019, S. 205-220.(342a)
“Demons and Disease.” In: Demons in Late Antiquity. Their Perception andTransformation in Different Literary Genres, ed. by Eva Elm and Nicole Hartmann,Transformationen der Antike 54, Berlin/Boston 2019, S. 15-41 (mit fünf, gegenüberdem Erstdruck verbesserten Abbildungen)


“Introduction.” Pages 1-4 in Rationalization in Religions. Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Edited by Yohanan Friedmann and Christoph Markschies on behalf of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities and the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

“Origen of Alexandria: The Bible and Philosophical Rationality, or: Problems of Traditional Dualisms.” Pages 63-73 in Rationalization in Religions. Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Edited by Yohanan Friedmann and Christoph Markschies on behalf of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities and the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
“Globalized History of Religions in Late Antiquity? The Problem of Compara-tive Studies and the Example of Manichaeism.” In: Comparative Studies in the Human-ities, ed. by Guy G. Stroumsa, Publications of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Section of Humanities, Jerusalem 2018, S. 173-194 


“Models of Relation between ‘Apocrypha’ and ‘Orthodoxy’. From Antiquity to Modern Scholarship.” Pages 13-22 in The Other Side. Apocryphal Perspectives on Ancient Christian ‘Orthodoxies’. Edited by Tobias Nicklas, Candida R. Moss, Christopher Tuckett, and Joseph Verheyden. NTOA/StUNT 117. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. 
“Christian Gnosticism and Judaism in the First Decades of the Second Century.” Pages 340-354 in Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries: The Interbellum 70-132CE. Edited by Joshua Schwartz and Peter Tomson. CRINT 15. Leiden: Brill.
“Demons and Disease.” Pages 11-35 in Health, Medicine, and Christianity in Late Antiquity.” Edited by Jared Secord, Heidi Marx-Wolf and Christoph Markschies. Studia Patristica 81. Papers presented at the Seventeenth International Conference on Patristic Studies held in Oxford 2015. Edited by Markus Vinzent. Leuven: Peeters.


“Current Research on the Eucharist in Ancient Christianity –  How the Eucharist developed from the End of the 4th Century in East and West.” Early Christianity 7: 417-446.
“The Reception and Transformation of Origen’s Works in Modern Editions: Some Comparative Views on Editions in Britain, France, Italy, and Germany.” Pages 165-189 in Origenia Undecima. Origen and Origenism in the History of Western Thought. Papers of the 11th International Origen Congress, Aarhus University, 26-31 August 2013. Edited by Anders-Christian Jacobsen. BEThL 179. Leuven: Peeters.


Christian Theology and Its Institutions in the Early Roman Empire: Prolegomena to a History of Early Christian Theology. Translated by W. Coppins. BMSEC 3. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2015.

“Patristics and Theology: From Concordance and Conflict to Competition and Collaboration?” Pages 367-388 in Patristic Studies in the Twenty-First Century. Proceedings of an International Conference to mark the 50th Anniversary of the International Association of Patristic Studies. Edited by Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony, Theodore de Bruyn and Carol Harrison. Turnhout: Brepols, 2015. (

“Foreword.” Pages XI-XVII in Forbidden Texts on the Western Frontier: The Christian Apocrypha from North American Perspectives: Proceedings from the 2013 York University Christian Apocrypha Symposium. Edited by Tony Burke. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2015.

The Monk’s Haggadah. A Fifteenth-Century Illuminated Codex from the Monastery of Tegernsee, with a Prologue by Friar Erhard von Pappenheim. Edited by David Stern, Christoph Markschies, and Sarit Shalev-Eyni. Dimyonot: Jews and the Cultural Imagination 1. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 2015. [C.M., The History of the Codex and the Christian Theological Background of Erhard’s Prologue, pp. 58-71, 167-176; The Prologue to the Haggadah by Erhard von Pappenheim (Latin Text) with Erik Koenke and Anna Rack-Teuteberg, pp. 97-111, 182-188.]

… for Micha Ullman. Laudatory Address at the Award Ceremony of the MaxHerrmann Prize on 10 May 2012 in the Berlin State Library, in: Micha Ullman.Stufen, published by Anne-Catherine Jüdes, Matthias Flügge and Christhard-Georg Neubert, Berlin 2015, S. 16-22 [englische Übersetzung von Carol Oberschmidt].


Harnack’s Image of 1 Clement and Contemporary Research.” ZAC 18 (2014): 54-69. (

“Individuality in Some Gnostic Authors, with a Few Remarks on the Interpretation of Ptolemy’s, Epistula ad Floram.” Pages 11-28 in Individuality in Late Antiquity. Edited by Alexis Torrance and Johannes Zachhuber. Ashgate Studies in Philosophy & Theology in Late Antiquity. Surrey/Burlington, VT 2014, S. 11-28 [reprint with revisions at some points of ZAC 15 (2011) article; cf.].


“On Classifying Creeds the Classical German Way: ‘Privat-Bekenntnisse’ (‘Private Creeds’).” Pages 259-271 in Studia Patristica 63. Papers presented at the Sixteenth International Conference on Patristic Studies held in Oxford 2011. Edited by M. Vinzent. Vol. 11 Biblica, Philosophica, Theologica, Ethica. Leuven: Peeters, 2013. (

“The Reformation is the normative centering on Jesus Christ: What is that we wish to celebrate 500 years later?” Pages 69-73 in Perspectives 2017: Writing on the Reformation. Edited by Kirchenamt der EKD. Hannover: EKD, 2013. (German Version)

“Welcome Address.” Pages 15-22 in Humboldt’s Model: The Future of Universities in the World of Research. Conference Report. Edited by B. Henningsen, J. Schlaeger and H.-E. Tenorth. Berlin: BWV, 2013.


The ‘Passio Sanctarum Perpetuae et Felicitatis’ and Montanism? Pages 277-290 in: Perpetua’s Passions. Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Passio Perpetuae et Felicitatis. Edited by J. N. Bremmer and M. Formisano. Oxford 2012.

Religion. Past & Present. Encyclopedia of Theology and Religion. Edited by H. D. Betz, D. S. Browning, B. Janowski, E. Jüngel: “Ambrose of Milan (Saint),” Vol. I, Leiden/Boston 2007, p. 178-179; “Apostolic Succession I. Terminology; II. History 1. Early Church,” pp. 335-336.; “Baumgarten-Crusius, Ludwig Friedrich Otto,” p. 647. – “Cappadocian Theology,” Vol. II, 2007, p. 388; “Celestine I, Pope,” p. 459; “Christianity, II. Church History,” p. 577-585; “Christopher, Saint,” p. 650. – “Church History/Church Historiographie, I. Concept, Presuppositions,” Vol. III, 2007, p. 96-102; “Middle Eastern Church History and Histographie, 2. Other Middle Eastern church historiography,” p. 111; “Congregational Order,” p. 413. – “Dionysius of Milan,” Vol. IV, 2008, pp. 74-75; “Dynamism,” p. 229; “Early Church,” p. 230-238; “Encratites,” p. 436; “Eucharist/Communion II. Church History 1. Early Church,” pp. 621-625. – “Free Will, I. Terminology,” Vol. V, 2009, p. 223; “Free Will, III. Church History,” pp. 224-226; “Gnosis/Gnosticism, II. Christianity,” pp. 450-455. – “History/Concepts of History, VI. Church History,” Vol. VI, 2009, p. 177-178; “Image of God, II. Christianity,” p. 415-417; “Inner Person, I. Concept,” pp. 496-497; “Inner Person, IV. Early Church,” pp. 497-98; “Jerome, Saint, I. Person,” pp. 679-80. – “Lietzmann, Hans,” Vol. VII, 2009, p. 475. – “Maximilla, Priscilla and Quintilla,” Vol. VIII, 2010, p. 165; “Men, IV. Church History, 2. Middle Ages,” pp. 240-41; “Migne, Jacques Paul,” pp. 343-44; “Montanism,” pp. 526-27; “Monatnus,” p. 527; “Musanus,” p. 618. – “Neo-Niceanism,” Vol. IX, 2010, p. 100; “Nestorian Mission,” pp. 118-119; “Origen,” pp. 373-378; “Paul Melanos of Beth Ukkame,” p. 686; “Pelagius/Pelagians/Semi-Pelagians, II. Dogmatics,” pp. 712-13. – “Platonism, III. Platonism and the Church Fathers,” Vol. X, 2011, pp. 160-61; “IV. Further Influence on Christian theology,” pp. 161-62; “Ptolemy the Gnostic,” pp. 531-32. – “Saturninus of Antioch,” Vol. XI, 2011, p. 447. – “Succession, Apostolic, I. Terminology,” Vol. XII, 2012, pp. 335-336.; “II. History, 1. Early Church,” p. 336; “Suger,” p. 351. – “Traditio Apostolica,” Vol. XIII, 2012, 40f.; “Will, I. History of Term,” 486f.; “III. Church History,” 487-88. {Note: Some of these page numbers are not correct, but I have not had a chance to provide correct numbers}


Does it Make Sense to Speak about a ‘Hellenization of Christianity’ in Antiquity? Dutch Lectures in Patristics 1. Leiden: Brill, 2011 (= CHRC 92, 2012, 5-34 =

Compassion. Some Remarks on Concepts of Divine and Human Compassions in Antiquity. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Proceedings, Volume VIII/5. Jerusalem, 2011 (14 pages; simultaneously paginated as pp. 91-104).

Protestant Tradition in a Multicultural Future.” Norsk Theologisk Tidsskrift 112 (2011): 153-165. [Honorary Degree Acceptance Lecture, Oslo, 2.9.2011]

Individuality in Some Gnostic Authors. With a Few Remarks on the Interpretation of Ptolemaeus, Epistula ad Floram.” ZAC 15 (2011): 411-430. (


“The Price of Monotheism: Some new Observations on a current Debate about Late Antiquity.” Pages 100-111 in One God: Pagan Monotheism in the Roman Empire. Edited by St. Mitchell and P. van Nuffelen. Cambridge: 2010.


“Words of Welcome.” Pages 17-19 in Secularization Theories, Religious Idenitity and Practical Theology: Developing International Practical Theology for the 21st Century. Edited by W. Gräb and L. Charbonnier. International Practical Theology 7. Berlin: Lit, 2009.


The Encyclopedia of Christianity. Edited by E. Fahlbusch, J. Lochman, J. Mbiti, J. Pelikan and L. Vischer (G.W. Bromiley, translator and English-language editor; D.B. Barrett, Statistical Editor): “Jerome”, Volume 3 (J-O), Leiden u.a. 2003, pp. 12-13; “Leo I.”, pp 80-81. “Tertullian”, Volume 5 (Si-Z), 2008, pp. 344-345.


“Intellectuals and Church Fathers in the Third and Fourth Centuries.” Pages 239-256 in Christians and Christianity in the Holy Land: From the Origins to the Latin Kingdoms. Edited by O. Limor and G. Stroumsa. Cultural Encounters in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages 5. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

“Antiquity and Christianity or: The Unavoidability of False Questions.” Pages 17-34 in Beyond Reception. Mutual Influences between Antique Religion, Judaism, and Early Christianity. Edited by D. Brakke, A.-Ch. Jacobsen, and J. Ulrich. Early Christianity in the Context of Antiquity 1. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2006.

“Conclusions and Perspectives [zum convegno „Scrivere per governare. Le forme della communicazione nel cristianesimo antico“, Brescia, 21./22. Mai 2005].” Rivista di Storia del Cristianesimo 3: 187-189.


“A Response to Jeffrey Bingham and Susan Graham.” Pages 152-158  in Early Patristic Readings of Romans. Edited by K. L. Gaca and L. L. Welborn. Romans through History and Cultures. New York: A&C Black, 2005.

“Gnosis.” Pages 499-502 in Christianity: The Complete Guide. Edited by J. Bowden and J. S. Bowden. London: Continuum, 2005.


“Jesus Christ as a Man before God: Two Interpretative Models for Isaiah 53 in the Patristic Literature and their Development.” Translated by Daniel P. Bailey. Pages 225-323 in The Suffering Servant. Isaiah 53 in Jewish and Christian Sources. Edited by B. Janowski and P. Stuhlmacher. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004. (see


Gnosis. An Introduction. Translated by John Bowden. London: T&T Clark, 2003.

“The Canon of the New Testament in Antiquity: Some New Horizons for Future Research.” Pages 175-194 in Homer, the Bible, and Beyond. Literary and Religious Canons. Edited by M. Finkelberg and G.G. Stroumsa. Jerusalem Studies in Religion and Culture 2. Leiden: Brill, 2003.

The Encyclopedia of Christianity. Edited by E. Fahlbusch, J. Lochman, J. Mbiti, J. Pelikan and L. Vischer (G.W. Bromiley, translator and English-language editor; D.B. Barrett, Statistical Editor): “Jerome”, Volume 3 (J-O), Leiden u.a. 2003, pp. 12-13; “Leo I.”, pp 80-81. “Tertullian”, Volume 5 (Si-Z), 2008, pp. 344-345.

Westminster Handbook to Origen. Edited by J.A. McGuckin. Louisville/London 2003: “Gnostics,” Col. 103-106; “Paul the Apostle,” Col. 167-169; “Trinitarism,” Col. 207-209.


“The Religion of the Late Antiquity Vandals: Arianism or Catholicism.” Translated by K.-A. Hanson. Pages 87-97 in The True Story of the Vandals. Edited by P. Hultén and M.-L. von Plessen. Värnamo: Museum Vandalorum, 2001.

“Historiography and Historical Thought: The Christian Tradition.” Col. 6762-6766 in volume 10 of International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Edited by N. J. Smelser and P. A. Baltes. Oxford: Elsevier Science Publishers, 2001.


New Research on Ptolemaeus Gnosticus.” ZAC 4: 225-254.


Between Two Worlds: Structures of Early Christianity. Translated by John Bowden. London, 1999,


Valentinian Gnosticism: Toward the Anatomy of a School. Pages 401-438 in The Nag Hammadi Library after Fifty Years. Proceedings of the 1995 Society of Biblical Literature Commemoration. Edited by J.D. Turner and A.M. McGuire. NHS 44. Leiden: Brill, 1997.


M. Hengel, The ‘Hellenization’ of Judaea in the First Century after Christ, in collaboration with Christoph Markschies, translated by J.Bowden, Philadelphia 1989.