Biblical Greek Resources, RELI (GREK) 4089/6089

Dear students,

I am very much looking forward to having each of you in my Biblical Greek course this Fall, where we will be reading through the Greek text of the Gospel of Mark. You may wish to consider obtaining/purchasing some of the resources listed below:

Resources for Fall 2021

1) Greek Text and Apparatus of Nestle-Aland 28

In class it is important that we are all looking at the same Greek text and textual apparatus. For this semester we will be using the text and apparatus of the 28th edition of the Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament. Accordingly, for the purposes of the class, you can either 1) photocopy the text of Mark from this edition of the Greek New Testament and bring it with you to class each day (you may use my Greek New Testament for this purpose at the beginning of the semester) or 2) purchase a copy of the 28th edition of the Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament. If you choose the latter option, I recommend that you purchase the edition of Nestle-Aland 28 that contains a dictionary (see here). Some of you, however, may prefer to purchase an edition that includes the parallel text in English (see here or here) or an edition that includes the parallel text in Latin (see here). Though you need to have a hard copy for class, you may also wish to consult the on-line version (here).

2) A Greek Lexicon

If you purchase the edition with a dictionary mentioned above, you will not need to purchase another dictionary. If, however, you photocopy the text of Nestle-Aland 28 or purchase an edition that lacks a dictionary, then you will need to obtain/purchase a lexicon. Here are some options:

Barclay-Newman’s Greek Lexicon: the short lexicon that is included in the Nestle-Aland 28 with dictionary edition (but if you are buying the lexicon separately, one of the other options listed below is probably preferable)

Bauer/Danker, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and other early Christian Literature (3rd edition): a leading larger lexicon for the study of the New Testament and other early Christian literature.

Gingrich/Danker, Shorter Lexicon of the Greek New Testament: A shorter version of the Bauer/Danker lexicon.

Danker, Concise Greek English Lexicon: A more up-to-date shorter lexicon produced by Danker.

“Little Liddel” Greek Lexicon: a standard classical Greek lexicon (for its intermediate and longer counterparts, see here and here).

The Cambridge Greek Lexicon (2 vols): A new classical Greek lexicon that includes coverage of the Gospels but not the rest of the New Testament.

While I  encourage you to purchase an edition of the Greek New Testament with a dictionary and/or to purchase a separate Greek Lexicon, for your class preparation you may also wish to consult on-line lexicons (e.g. here, here, and here), parsing/translation tools (e.g. here and here), and Rob Plummer’s videos on the Greek Text of Mark (here). The Tyndale Step site gives you convenient access to the SBL Greek text and the Tyndale House Greek text and to the LSJ dictionary (see here).  Finally, you might also find the following link helpful for the purposes of textual criticism (here).

3) Further Greek Aids (optional)

If you desire further Greek aids, you may also wish to purchase one or more of the following resources: J. F. Williams book on Mark in the Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament series (here), R. Decker’s two volume handbook on the Greek text of Mark (here), and/or Charles Lee Irons’s Syntax Guide for Readers of the Greek New Testament (here).

Additional Resources

Other Greek New Testaments

USB Reader’s Edition with Textual Notes: A widely used Greek New Testament with Vocabulary and Parsing aids

Tyndale House Greek New Testament: A new edition produced at Tyndale House Cambridge

Tyndale Greek/English: This online resource provides the SBL/Holmes text of the Greek New Testament, the Tyndale House text of the New Testament, as well as English and other modern language translations and the LSJ lexicon.

(Reference) Grammars

The Cambridge Grammar of Classical Greek:  A recent major grammar of classical Greek.

Siebenthal, Ancient Greek Grammar for the Study of the New Testament: a recent major grammar that is focused on the Greek of the New Testament.

Wallace, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: A recent intermediate Grammar that I found helpful at many points.

Wallace, Basics of New Testament Syntax: An abridgment of Beyond the Basics, which is worth having, since it is possible to read it straight through, whereas Beyond the Basics is better as a reference Grammar.

BDF Grammar: This is a link to a PDF of a classic New Testament Grammar.

Resources for Textual Criticism

Metzger’s Textual Commentary

D.C. Parker, An Introduction to the New Testament Manuscripts and Their Texts: A recent introduction to textual criticism

Resources for learning, maintaining, and advancing your Greek

Rob Plummer’s Daily Dose of Greek: If you sign up for this resource, you will receive a daily email with a short video that explains New Testament passages. Plummer also has videos on learning Greek.

Exegetical Tools: Greek Reading Videos as well as Basic or Advanced Greek Emails.

Baylor Handbooks on the Greek New Testament: These handbooks provide grammatical analyses for individual New Testament books. See e.g. Mark and Matthew. I think the volume on Matthew is particularly good.

Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament: These volumes also provide grammatical analyses for individual New Testament books. See e.g., Mark and Luke.

Irons’s A Syntax Guide for Readers of the Greek New Testament: a grammatical resource that seeks to address more advanced issues of syntax and translation.

Burlings’s Master New Testament Greek: A Greek New Testament EBook with Vocabulary Flashcards. An interesting resource that I think I might use if I had a smartphone!


Bibliography of Ancient Greek Linguistics

Additional Resources

Additional Resources: See here for further resources I have assembled.

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